CIA personnel — including members of KSM’s interrogation team — believed that the waterboard interrogation technique was ineffective on KSM. • Enhanced interrogation destroys reputation of CIA, making Americans less safe. Learn why enhanced interrogation techniques may be counterproductive, leading to misleading or false confessions. Former CIA directors George Tenet, Porter Goss and Michael Hayden and former CIA Deputy Directors John McLaughlin, Albert Calland and Stephen Kappes — writing in The Wall Street Journal — said that the program led to the capture of senior al Qaida operatives, disrupted several terrorist plots and added to the overall knowledge of how al Qaida operates. Jan 09 Enhanced interrogation techniques or alternative set of procedures were terms adopted by the George W. Bush administration in the United States to describe interrogation methods used by US military intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to extract information from individuals captured in the “War on Terror” after the September 11 attacks in 2001. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed refused to talk until the techniques were applied. New Research Suggests Enhanced Interrogation Not Effective. (page 313). Subscribe to ‘Here's the Deal,’ our politics newsletter. The SSCI report is the most comprehensive review ever conducted of the CIA Detention and Interrogation Program and is significant as it abolishes … Former US President George W … The article claims that without the use of the enhanced interrogation techniques on Abu Zubaydah and Ramzi bin al-Shibh, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed would never have been captured. Watch mFuA���w/��(����V���Յ ,*fh0X1�l�}�����kxu e���a �9�X@F1���݃�;��e`d0 ���� Considering the nature of terrorists, most who are willing to die to serve their purpose, it is necessary to use unique and enhanced methods of getting information out of them. At no point during or after the use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques did Abu Zubaydah provide information on al-Qa’ida cells in the United States or operational plans for terrorist attacks against the United States. ... D.C., many national-security hawks are quietly reevaluating their position on the use of the so-called "enhanced interrogation … KSM, alone, was working on multiple plots when he was captured. Jan 10 The CIA's use of its enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees. Please check your inbox to confirm. (page 213). The road to torture: How the CIA's "enhanced interrogation techniques” became legal after 9/11 The CIA’s torture techniques—10 in total—increased in severity as one went down the list h��Wmo�6�+����/�7�`�e �vC�5}Pc��H��nͿ�%Z��r�O�gޝx$���g�y%��[� ������V3!�B�0�2,�\� �� �18�\��O��I\�I�A. On the substantive level, there is the question of the efficacy of enhanced interrogation techniques. 929 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[915 40]/Info 914 0 R/Length 86/Prev 747618/Root 916 0 R/Size 955/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 954 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 916 0 obj <>/Metadata 70 0 R/Pages 913 0 R/StructTreeRoot 131 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 917 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 913 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 918 0 obj <>stream This is despite a recent US government report concluding that the use of such “enhanced interrogation” by the CIA was ineffective. Claims about effectiveness of enhanced interrogations are … There is an intense debate surrounding this matter, but we can certainly say that respected members of the intelligence world insist that innocent Americans are today alive because we employed a set of coercive interrogation techniques. Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Congressional Research Service 2 This report discusses the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation (D&I) Program as portrayed in many official documents. 915 0 obj <> endobj (page 208). 1. Throughout the period during which KSM was subjected to the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques, KSM provided inaccurate information, much of which he would later acknowledge was fabricated and recant. At least five detainees were said to have experienced “disturbing hallucinations,” such as in the case of Arsala Khan in 2003, detailed on page 109 of the report. Further, a quantitative review of Abu Zubaydah’s intelligence reporting indicates that more intelligence reports were disseminated from Abu Zubaydah’s first two months of interrogation, before the use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques and when FBI special agents were directly participating, than were derived during the next two-month phase of interrogations, which included the non-stop use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques 24 hours a day for 17 days. %PDF-1.6 %���� In 1963, the Central Intelligence Agency compiled the historical understanding of such non-invasive interrogation techniques into a how-to guide titled KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, informally known as the KUBARK manual. 0 Without using the interrogation program on KSM, they also claim, further al Qaida associates would not have been apprehended: A powerful example of the interrogation program’s importance is the information obtained from Abu Zubaydah, a senior al Qaeda operative, and from Khalid Sheikh Muhammed, known as KSM, the 9/11 mastermind. According to Carle, enhanced interrogation techniques have similar effects. Results suggested the potential usefulness of this method to examine the effectiveness of using pain for information retrieval in a scenario similar to interrogation: Analyses revealed that participants were more likely to reveal false information when exposed to the cold pressor test, and this effect became more pronounced as manipulated water temperatures became colder (from 10 degrees … We then found Gunawan, and information from him resulted in the takedown of a 17-member Southeast Asian cell that Gunawan had recruited for a “second wave,” 9/11-style attack on the U.S. West Coast, in all likelihood using aircraft again to attack buildings. The report on the CIA’s use of interrogation, released by the Senate Intelligence Committee Tuesday, went into detail about several of the methods used. Dan Rather on the Capitol attack, the state of our nation and ‘What Unites Us’, Read Had that attack occurred, the nightmare of 9/11 would have been repeated. I’m going to go along with Dick Cheney who is a serious man interested in the safety of American citizens. The technique used by the Armed Forces or any other government branch in the U.S. has proven to be effective in getting people to talk much sooner. James Mitchell, a psychologist who served 22 years in the U.S. Air Force and who helped develop the CIA’s post-9/11 enhanced interrogation program, … Enhanced interrogations are illegal, or at least they are morally abhorrent. Here’s why it matters, Watch Justin Scuiletti is the digital video producer at PBS NewsHour. His information on individuals is non specific; he has given us nothing on the Saudi hijackers or others who played a role… The overall quality of his reporting has steadily declined since 2003.” (page 80), Several have disputed the Senate Intelligence Committee’s claims that the techniques were ineffective. However, in his signing statement, Bush made clear that he reserved the right to waive this bill if he thought that was needed. Yes, Minister: Massive power outage leaves Pakistan in the dark, Indonesian divers find parts of plane wreckage in Java Sea, 2nd GOP senator now urges Trump to resign over Capitol riot, Anti-abortion faith leaders support use of COVID-19 vaccines, Trump pressured Georgia to ‘find the fraud’ in earlier call, Queen Elizabeth II and husband receive COVID-19 vaccinations. Here’s an example of how the interrogation program actually worked to disrupt terrorist plotting. For examples, the report returns to the cases of Zubaydah and KSM. Details of harsh interrogation techniques used by the CIA on suspected terrorists have been made public by the US Senate Intelligence Committee. Here’s why it matters, Dan Rather on the Capitol attack, the state of our nation and ‘What Unites Us’, Here’s how it feels when COVID-19 symptoms last for months, WATCH: Trump directs protesters to march to the U.S. Capitol ahead of count of Electoral College votes, Capitol riot: The ‘third world’ trope offends, misreads history, Oaths questioned as Trump’s backers fight against loss, EXPLAINER: Can social media companies boot Trump? Thank you. Anyone who is considered a threat to our The report’s first finding agreed – the “CIA’s use of its enhanced interrogation techniques was not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or … R.M. There is also a clear difference of opinion on the effectiveness of enhanced interrogation. He then divulged information about a second wave of attacks. Interrogation techniques such as slaps and “wallings” (slamming detainees against a wall) were used in combination, frequently concurrent with sleep deprivation and nudity. Enhanced interrogation techniques are techniques including walling, sleep deprivation, and waterboarding. Records do not support CIA representations that the CIA initially used an “an open, non- threatening approach,” or that interrogations began with the “least coercive technique possible” and escalated to more coercive techniques only as necessary. Further, as previously described, during at least one waterboard session, Abu Zubaydah “became completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth.” (page 423), The report also called into question the agency’s collection of “unique” information from detainees using these interrogation methods. Khan, after 56 hours of standing sleep deprivation, could barely enunciate and was “visibly shaken by his hallucinations depicting dogs mauling and killing his sons and family.”. “The intelligence gained from the program was critical to our understanding of al Qaida and continues to inform our counterterrorism efforts to this day.”. The U.S. military used the Subscribe to Here’s the Deal, our politics newsletter for analysis you won’t find anywhere else. The administration adopted the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 to address the multitude of incidents of detainee abuse. Ability to Quickly Acquire High Value Information. The on-site medical officer told the inspector general that, after three or four days, it became apparent that the waterboard was ineffective, and that KSM “hated it but knew he could manage.” KSM interrogator [redacted] told the inspector general that KSM had “beat the system,” and assessed two months after the discontinuation of the waterboard that KSM responded to “creature comforts and sense of importance” and not to “confrontational” approaches. President Bush stated "The United States of America does not torture. The report even describes other, unconventional methods of interrogations, such as the holding of an “intellectually challenged” man who was taped crying to be used as leverage to “get a family member to provide information.”. Capitol riot: The ‘third world’ trope offends, misreads history, By Victoria Milko, Edna Tarigan, Associated Press, By Darlene Superville, Alan Fram, Mary Clare Jalonick, Associated Press. The psychologist credited with devising the C.I.A. The […] Three types of enhanced interrogation may make sources more likely to give false information, according to research: sleep deprivation, social isolation and intense interrogator pressure. And that's important for people around the world to understand." The Effectiveness Of Harsh Interrogation Techniques. Justin Scuiletti. We are convinced that both would not have talked absent the interrogation program. “Not only are torture methods ineffective, they harm future effectiveness of any techniques because they harm US reputation. The CIA, the report also alleges, purposely omitted the amount of relevant information gained from other methods outside those interrogations, giving the “false impression the CIA was acquiring unique information from the use of the techniques.”, An example given, purportedly drawing from CIA records, says that seven of 39 detainees that were known to have been subjected to the enhanced interrogation techniques from the agency but “produced no intelligence while in CIA custody.” The report stated that several detainees “provided significant accurate intelligence prior to, or without having been subjected to these techniques.”. The report described many of the interrogations that used these techniques as “brutal” and said there was no evidence of the agency first attempting alternative, “non-threatening” approaches before resorting to them: Beginning with the CIA’s first detainee, Abu Zubaydah, and continuing with numerous others, the CIA applied its enhanced interrogation techniques with significant repetition for days or weeks at a time. Without revealing to KSM that Hambali had been captured, we asked him who might take over in the event that Hambali was no longer around. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, pictured here after his capture in Pakistan in 2003, was mentioned several times in the Senate report on the ineffectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques on detainees. Techniques that have proven to be effective, compared to “enhanced techniques”, are learning about the detainees’ motivation, learning about their culture and gaining their trust. The Central Intelligence Agency’s use of “enhanced interrogation techniques” was “not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees,” a Senate report claims. In a statement released Tuesday, CIA Director John Brennan said that, though the CIA found some common ground with the report’s findings, the agency did not agree on several points. In the few instances where his reporting was unique and plausible, we cannot verify or refute the information… he has been sketchy on some aspects of the 9/11 plot, perhaps in order to downplay his role in the plot. 12 months ago. (Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Report Executive Summary — Page 3), The use of sleep deprivation was described to involve the forcing of detainees to remain awake for upwards of 180 hours, all while standing or in stressful positions; sometimes shackled. Hundreds, if not thousands, of lives may have been spared as a result. 11 months ago. The opponents of enhanced interrogation will affix the term to American practices in order to discredit them. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques in 2003 endstream endobj startxref There’s an ongoing battle of words to describe Jan 6, 2021. Where did the enhanced interrogation techniques used at Guantánamo originate? Jan 10 ENHANCED INTERROGATION IS EFFECTIVE "It cannot be contested that the techniques were effective at eliciting information. Here’s how it feels when COVID-19 symptoms last for months, Read https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/enhanced-interrogation-techniques-ineffective, There’s an ongoing battle of words to describe Jan 6, 2021. WATCH: Trump directs protesters to march to the U.S. Capitol ahead of count of Electoral College votes, Watch KSM pointed to Hambali’s brother Rusman Gunawan. More generally, the effectiveness of enhanced interrogations misses the point. All Rights Reserved. Schneiderman looks at the new research being conducted into the science of interrogation. The Central Intelligence Agency’s use of “enhanced interrogation techniques” was “not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees,” a Senate report claims. Waterboarding, the effect of which is described as inducing the sensation of drowning, was noted to have resulted instead in a “series of near drownings” when used on Abu Zubaydah and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, referred to here as “KSM”: According to CIA records, Abu Zubaydah’s waterboarding sessions “resulted in immediate fluid intake and involuntary leg, chest and arm spasms” and “hysterical pleas.” A medical officer who oversaw the interrogation of KSM stated that the waterboard technique had evolved beyond the “sensation of drowning” to what he described as a “series of near drownings.” Physical reactions to waterboarding did not necessarily end when the application of water was discontinued, as both Abu Zubaydah and KSM vomited after being subjected to the waterboard. Ten interrogation techniques were verbally approved by Attorney General John Ashcroft on July 24, 2002: “the attention grasp, walling, the facial hold, the facial slap (insult slap), cramped confinement, wall standing, stress positions, sleep deprivation, use of diapers, and use of insects” with the verbal approval of waterboarding given two days later. �$Ǥ ħ��;�-��[ĺ����_�mY���8��8sx����,��:�|jht��A]g��|*=n�0KQ�qb7�Ӷ�)r;��Hxl;��)vC�Q��-�/�:-'%�&J'lbҔ�f� �t�A��m6�h�X�Dž�-9�L��� zr��vjI�t�9�/� ��p�&����CCG�DG�������A�@�(��� �"҂a(R�����`����� ;���3��q � Learn more about Friends of the NewsHour. List of Pros of Enhanced Interrogation Techniques. Enhanced interrogation techniques are effective and necessary for the procurement of valuable information. h�bbd```b``>"k�d:�dU �LA$�Fi.$_-�L[��@�8#�t�� ��Om6#�Hhޠ �3�{ ` /a ? To describe Jan 6, 2021 used in the fight against terrorism difference. 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