If the culture and traditions of thepeople the program was helping were included in the justice process, the betterchance the program would succeed. In previous years, numerous studies have documented the problematic relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the mainstream justice system. Objectives of the evaluation 1.3. The background characteristics of offenders in the total sample were as follows: Program participants and comparison group members tended to be similar in background characteristics but some key differences between the two groups were identified: comparison group members tended to have more prior convictions, to have been more recently referred to an AJS program, and to be slightly older. Participants, however, were open to the photovoice process and the combination of stories and photos helped to illustrate the impacts that AJS programs are having within the communities. This approach helps to increase a sense of responsibility for one’s actions and gives the individual a greater connection to their community. The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. their average age was just under 29 years old; only a small portion (8.78%) were youth under the age of 18; most had never been convicted of a crime prior to their referral to the AJS program(60.67%); and. Playing a role in building stronger communities through a healing process. The signatories of the Agreement are committed to working together to improve Aboriginal justice outcomes, family and community safety, and reduce … 4.1.1 Independent oversight of Aboriginal justice outcomes. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Recognizing that, the AJS Summative Evaluation reviewed activity reports and the financial information of nine AJS programs. Policy Development and Support promotes and supports Aboriginal community justice as a key policy issue in Canada through strategic partnerships at the departmental, interdepartmental and intergovernmental levels; provides multi-disciplinary advice on Aboriginal justice issues to the DOJ and to other federal departments; and provides advice and input to self-government negotiators on the … AJS-funded programs are located in every province and territory with approximately 111 alternative measures programs serving about 400 communities. Photovoice is based on the premise that community members are the most knowledgeable about the situation in their respective communities and about solutions that work. Itwas also found that programs would be more successful if there was ownership of the program demonstrated by the community. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Evaluations of the AJS have proven its effectiveness thus far. Although there were many reasons why offenders would be referred to an AJS program but did not participate in that program, the two most common reasons for non-participation were (a) refusal by the Crown, the program, the victim or the offender, or, (b) the offender had moved away prior to program commencement. Since 2013, this has been underpinned by a … They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. Structure of the report Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; 1. There is evidence of success in these programs: recidivism in Aboriginal communities has decreased due to AJS programs and participating Aboriginal people have found it to be a worthwhile process. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions Thank you for participating in the evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS). Of particular interest is the amendment to the Criminal Code in the sentencing of Aboriginal offenders and its interpretation by the Supreme Court of Canada in the R. vs. Gladue (1999) decision which stressed a remedial approach as something judges should weigh in every case, and especially in cases involving an Aboriginal person. In 2004-05, AJS programs accepted approximately 7,400 clients. Aboriginal people represent 3.3% of the Canadian population, but make up 18% of total provincial and territorial sentenced admissions. As part of the impact evaluation of the AJS, we would like to seek your input regarding the relevance and performance of the AJS. [48]  In addition to this, the AJS has gained eager partners and participants, both provinces and territories, as well as Aboriginal communities. In order to combat these trends the federal government has initiated a number of programs across the federal justice continuum. Both the Department of Justice and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada allocate funding to the AJS. The incarceration rates for Aboriginal people are much higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons[45]. B.C. Introduction. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework (VAAF) is the government’s overarching framework that brings together government and Aboriginal community commitments and efforts to improve outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. While it initially allocated $11.5 million annually to AJS in the current funding allocation, the federal government applied budget-reallocation and adjustments to the AJS such that the program's actual allocation has been varying between $9.4 and $10.3 annually (see Table 1 for details). Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy. The Aboriginal Justice Strategy was created in 1991 (originally called the Aboriginal Justice Initiative), to support a range of community-based justice initiatives such as diversion programs, community participation in the sentencing of offenders, and mediation and arbitration mechanisms for civil disputes. One such program - the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - supports Aboriginal communities to establish programs and systems to divert Aboriginal people away from the mainstream justice system and to handle less serious offences (property crimes for example) outside of courts. Published: May 1, 2019 . Community-based justice program funding supports Aboriginal communities in developing and operating culturally relevant justice programs that give communities significant responsibility for working with offenders, and for resolving civil and criminal disputes, at the local level. [4]   Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Date modified: 2017-02-10 Section menu About Us. Capacity building components are available to communities that do not yet have community-based programs or communities that run such programs. Other related developments were specific amendments to the Criminal Code that Parliament adopted in 1995 to deal with diversion and sentencing: In sum, both the funding provided to community-based justice programs and the changes to the Criminal Code reflect a desire to divert, when applicable and reasonable, offenders from the mainstream justice system, and to consider a variety of sanctions other than imprisonment when offenders—and particularly Aboriginal offenders—do end-up in the mainstream justice system. The AJS may cover up to 100 percent of the activities under this component. Thank you for participating in the evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS). During that same year a trial involving suspects of the 1971 abduction and murder of Helen Osbourne (a young Cree woman) took place. The AJS supports a range of activities that are expected to contribute to the achievement of specific policy goals. [6]   See Department of Justice (2002). 2. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. To what extent are the AJS objectives aligned with Government of Canada priorities? The principal reason for this crushing failure is the fundamentally different world views of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people with respect to such elemental issues as the substantive content of justice and the process of achieving justice.”[4]. [3]   The Correctional Investigator Canada. Since every AJS program is unique, it is challenging to establish an average cost per referral. A Strategy for Action. During the same year(2004), a total of 28,600 individuals were charged in Canada for offences committed on-reserve including 17,126 individuals charged with non-violentf fences, which are the type of offences that are typically referred to the community-based justice programs. Despite this progress, however, community-based justice programs are still only reaching a small portion of Aboriginal offenders. 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